In a Sámi context, archaeology is particularly important in understanding history, because until recently Sámi society had no written language.
The physical traces can therefore give us information we would not otherwise have had.
In Sámi areas we can find many physical traces relating to faith and rituals, such as sieidi and other offering sites, burials, bear burials and reindeer burials. Old drums which have been found in mountains and scree are also archaeological material.
Krogh, Mia og Kjersti Schanche (red), 2004: Samisk forhistorie. Várjjat Sámi Musea Čallosat/V aranger Samiske Museums Skrifter 1.
Schanche, Audhild, 2000: Graver i ur og berg.
Myrstad, Ragnhild, 1996: Bjørnegraver i Nord-Norge. Upub. hovedoppgave, Universitetet i Tromsø.
Vorren, Ørnulv og Hans Kr. Eriksen, 1993: Samiske offerplasser i Varanger.
Serning, Inga, 1956: Lapska offerplatsfynd.